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Why STEM is important in a changing world

STEM Detective authors, Niki Buchan and Bronwyn Cron, discusses why encouraging STEM thinking is important to empower children with skills needed to live well.
Niki Buchan and Bronwyn Cron

Today’s children will inhabit a challenging, fast-changing world. Encouraging STEM thinking empowers them with the skills to live well, say co-authors, Niki Buchan and Bronwyn Cron.
 
“As the world moves and changes at an ever-increasing pace, STEM thinking provides our children with the skills to not only survive but also to thrive,” Niki says.

The acronym stands for science, technology, engineering and mathematics in children’s play. It refers to creative problem-solving, resilience, innovation, critical thinking, analysing data and information, and imagination.

Bronwyn agrees that a play-based approach to STEM means children are more deeply engaged and self-motivated, and their formative experiences are positive.

“This goes a long way to sparking an ongoing interest in further developing thinking skills and perhaps pursuing STEM learning and career options.” 

Children naturally notice, observe, question, investigate, hypothesise and experiment as they explore and play. To identify these behaviours, adults need to sit back, observe and fully tune in to children’s conversations and thinking – using a STEM detective’s lens.

Adults don’t need to ‘teach’ STEM in the early years, Niki says.

“Adults provide a rich environment and share the children’s awe and wonder as they explore this wonderful and exciting world they find themselves in. The adult is the mentor and guide, the children are the scientists.” 

The key is to provide children with time, space and loose parts, she says.

If children are given large periods of uninterrupted time to play with objects and resources that don’t have a set purpose and that they can change and manipulate in any way they choose, children will naturally explore complex thinking and concepts.

“Ignite the fire of curiosity and wonder. That is, after all, what drives lifelong learning,” says Bronwyn.

This resource is designed to encourage and guide educators to identify the STEM happening in children’s play, as well as develop the skills and understanding to support and encourage a deeper level of exploration and discovery.

About the author

Niki Buchan has a biomedical background. She identifies strongly with children’s natural instinct and desire to explore, discover, investigate and experiment as they make sense of the wonderful natural world they live in. She works internationally as an early childhood consultant and is an experienced speaker. She is considered a leading voice in promoting nature-based practice and has written several books.

About the author

As a highly experienced environmental scientist, Bronwyn Cron is passionate about Education for Sustainability and connecting children and communities to their environment. Over the last few years, she has focused on building the capacity of early childhood educators and services to embed sustainability and support the development of STEM thinking skills in young children.

Related resources by Niki Buchan and Brownyn Cron

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