SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics Cover

SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics

Strategies for thinking like a mathematician

Research indicates that approaches in the teaching of mathematics vary in their effectiveness. Therefore, choosing appropriate pedagogy is critical for students' mastery of essential skills and ability to apply them. 

SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics makes the decision easy with SOLO Taxonomy, a simple but effective model of learning outcomes.  

When educators and students look through the lens of SOLO they can differentiate between surface, deep and conceptual levels of understanding. This knowledge helps to identify the next steps and prompts for understanding.  

Founded on the authors' combined experience, this mathematics resource explains SOLO strategies that provide a language for feedback on mathematics performance. The array of SOLO Taxonomy mathematics examples and self-assessment rubrics offer a means for translating this model to successful practice. 

Want to bring SOLO Taxonomy maths to your classroom now? We suggest purchasing the SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics PDF ebook. 

Ages: 12-16 | Pages: 60 | Code: 5861 | ISBN: 9781776550067

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Picture of Pam Hook

Pam Hook

Pam Hook is an educational consultant who advises schools and institutions in New Zealand, Australia, Denmark, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan and the Pacific Islands on developing curricula and pedagogies for learning to learn based on SOLO Taxonomy. She is a popular keynote speaker at conferences. Pam is author of more than 25 books on SOLO Taxonomy, including titles translated into Danish, and has developed a series of SOLO web-based apps, Apple iPad apps and YouTube videos. She hosts collaborative online communities for SOLO practitioners on Twitter @arti_choke @globalsolo and Pinterest
Picture of Courtney Gravett

Courtney Gravett

Courtney Gravett earned a degree in mathematics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, USA and a Graduate Diploma of Teaching and Learning at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. She has presented on her experiences of using SOLO in the mathematics classroom at the International Conference on Thinking and at the New Zealand Association of Mathematics Teachers Conference. Courtney was on the mathematics faculty at Lincoln High School for six years before becoming Assistant Head of Department Mathematics at Riccarton High School in Christchurch, New Zealand. She serves as an executive member of the Canterbury Mathematical Association.
Picture of Mitchell Howard

Mitchell Howard

Mitchell Howard has taught mathematics in Australia, the United Kingdom and New Zealand over the past 19 years. He completed an MEd (Mathematics) at the University of Canberra, Australia in 2005 and is currently the Head of the Mathematics Department at Lincoln High School and Vice President of the Canterbury Mathematics Association. He has also presented workshops at the New Zealand Association of Mathematics Teachers Conference, Mathematical Association of Victoria Conference and International Conference on Thinking. Mitchell is the proud father of two boys and is grateful for the support of his wife.


1. SOLO Taxonomy and its potential for mathematical thinking5
What is SOLO Taxonomy?5
Applying SOLO to mathematical contexts6
SOLO and thinking mathematically7
2. SOLO problem solving strategy9
How do we take a SOLO approach to problem solving?9
Student examples10
Self assessment rubrics11
Key benefits12
3. Multiple representations13
How is multiple representation used?13
Student examples17
Self assessment rubric19
Key benefits19
4. HookED SOLO Describe ++ map20
How is the Describe ++ map used?20
Student examples26
Self assessment rubric30
Key benefits30
5. SOLO Hexagons31
How are SOLO Hexagons used?31
Student examples42
Self assessment rubric44
Key benefits44
Further resources: A selection of SOLO self assessment rubrics46
References and further reading58
List of tables, figures, templates and rubrics59